Cross Reaction between Hen Eggs and Bird Eggs in Patients with Egg Allergy Based on Skin Prick Test, Specific IgE and Oral Food Challenge

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Department of Pediatrics, Allergy Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

10.30491/ijmr.2020.229826.1100

Abstract

Introduction: Because some children have allergies to egg as an important food source, finding the right alternative is essential. To date, the interaction between other birds’ eggs and hen egg has not been investigated in Iran. Because of the common usage of eggs from birds other than hens in Iran, the present study aimed to compare hens’ eggs with the eggs of other birds.
Methods: In this case-control study, 70 children who referred to our allergy clinic were evaluated. In patients who had a history of egg allergy, SPT and specific IgE Ab analyses were done, and then an oral food challenge (OFC) was performed. Patients with egg allergy underwent skin prick tests with eggs from birds such as turkey, goose, duck, quail, partridge, and pigeon.
Results: From 40 patients with egg allergy, 8 patients passed the OFC. The greatest cross-reactions were seen in turkey and quail egg extracts. The least cross-reactions were reported in partridge and pigeon. Among patients who had negative SPT with partridge egg (N=3), one patient passed and two failed the OFC. Three of the patients who had negative pigeon SPT (N=5) passed the OFC with pigeon egg.
Conclusion: In conclusion, turkey, goose, duck, and quail eggs cannot be used as an alternative to hen eggs; only partridge or pigeon eggs can be considered as a suitable alternative to hen eggs.

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