The Role of Vitamins and Trace Elements on Oral Health: A Systematic Review

Document Type: Systematic Review

Authors

SIBAR Institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur, India

Abstract

Introduction: Nutritional guidance is one of the very important components of preventive dentistry today. To prevent oral, dental and craniofacial diseases, one approach is having a suitable diet. Hence, the aim of this review was to provide a concise, didactic update on the role of vitamin and trace elements on various aspects of oral health and diseases.
Methods: Literature search was carried out electronically through Google scholar, Pubmed and Ebsco data base and there was no time frame limitation set for the year of article published.
Results: Out of 38 articles, 14 were Epidemiological studies followed by 11 Narrative reviews, 6 Systematic reviews, 4 Randomised control trail, 2 Systematic reviews with meta-analysis and 1 Meta-analysis.
Conclusion: Diet containing vitamins and trace elements play an important role in normal health of the oral structures and these deficiencies can cause oral diseases such as developmental defects, oral mucosal diseases and periodontal diseases. Dietary recommendations made to aid in the control of oral disease are simultaneously optimal recommendations for improving general health.

Keywords