Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Institute of PsychoBioSocioEconomic Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Introduction: Anger is considered as one of the most important and impressive emotions throughout human ontogenic and phylogenic history. Anger management is one the main domains of psychology which does not work on triggers, but on reaction to them, so that any given individual which is frequently excited with internal and external activating provocations, can restraint and control her/his anger. The aim of the present study was to systematically reviewing research literature about anger management in order to investigating and identifying varied methods of anger management and control in Persian and non-Persian sources.
Methods: In the present systematic review, keywords include “anger, anger management, anger control, anger restraint, anger handling, coping with anger, anger reduction, anger prevention, anger avoidance, escape from anger” was searched in “PubMed, ScienceDirect, Google Scholar, Google Patent, MagIran, SID, Proquest, Ebsco, Springer, IEEE, Kolwer, & IranDoc” search engines and according to relation to study parts, academic publishing, publishing after 1990 and Jadad system relevant sources were selected. The manuscript then, finalized by evaluation of five experts in anger domain via Delphi method.
Results: Systematic literature review of anger management revealed five major methods in CBT, three Islamic, and one eclectic method of anger management in clinical settings.
Discussion and Conclusion: There are a few outcome and/or comparative studies about the effect size of varied anger management and control methods, and most of the sources comprise books, Book chapters, and/or instructions. It appears that in future studies, it would be better to include pre-test/post-test sections to assess and evaluate the efficiency
of different anger management methods in varied population sectors.