Document Type: Narrative Review
Al-Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq
Data mining is characterized as searching for useful information through very large data sets. Some of the key and most common techniques for data mining are association rules, classification, clustering, prediction, and sequential models. For a wide range of applications, data mining techniques are used. Data mining plays a significant role in disease detection in the health care industry. The patient should be needed to detect a number of tests for the disease. However, the number of tests should be reduced by using data mining techniques. In time and performance, this reduced test plays an important role. Heart disease is a cardiovascular disease that causes death. Health problems are enormous in this recent situation because of the prediction and the classification of health problems in different situations. The data mining area included the prediction and identification of abnormality and its risk rate in these domains. Today the health industry holds hidden information essential for decision-making. For predicting heart problems, data extraction algorithms like K-star, J48, SMO, Naïve Bayes, MLP, Random Forest, Bayes Net, and REPTREE are used for this study (Weka 3.8.3) software. The results of the predictive accuracy, the ROC curve, and the AUC value are combined using a standard set of data and a collected dataset. By applying different data mining algorithms, the patient data can be used for diagnosis as training samples. The main drawbacks of the previous studies are that they need accurate and the number of features. This paper surveys recent data mining techniques applied to predict heart diseases. And Identifying the major risk factors of Heart Disease categorizing the risk factors in an order which causes damages to the heart such as high blood cholesterol, diabetes, smoking, poor diet, obesity, hypertension, stress, etc. Data mining functions and techniques are used to identify the level of risk factors to help the patients in taking precautions in advance to save their life.