Emerging Coronavirus and Adverse Pregnancy Consequences

Document Type: Letter to Editor

Authors

1 School of Nursing and Midwifery, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz branch, Ahvaz, Iran

2 School of Nursing and Midwifery, Islamic Azad university Bojnourd branch, Bojnourd, Iran

3 Sina Hospital, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

4 Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Nursing Faculty, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Among different sections of society, pregnant women are considered one of the most vulnerable groups to COVID-19 due to specific physiological changes in the body and the suppression of the immune system (4). About four months have passed since the onset of the disease, and although many studies are published daily on its various aspects, there is still not enough research and evidence to support the effects of COVID-19 on the consequences of pregnancy, but since the cause of the disease from the family of viruses that cause the two diseases, SARS and MERS, a look at the effect of these diseases on the consequences of pregnancy will lead to more attention to pregnant women at risk for COVID-19. Evidence suggests that pregnant women with SARS and MERS have the following adverse effects on their counterparts: spontaneous abortion, preterm delivery, premature rupture of membrane, preeclampsia, intrauterine growth retardation, Cesarean section increase, perinatal mortality and Increased hospitalization in neonatal intensive care unit (5). In the current situation, due to the recommendation of home quarantine and the concerns that pregnant women have about COVID-19 disease, they may be less likely to appear in Health care centers during pregnancy. Since COVID-19 has the potential to be at least similar to SARS and MERS, Therefore, it is recommended to reduce maternal mortality and the adverse consequences of pregnancy, Continuous telephone or online screening for COVID-19 was done by health providers in pregnant women and any suspicious cases should be seriously investigated.

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