Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
School of Management and Medical Information Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
In recent years, the association between social factors and individuals' health status has been paid special attention to by health system researchers and policy makers. According to the WHO conceptual framework of Social Determinants of Health (SDH), lifestyle is one of the intermediary factors affecting the individuals' health and disease and is related to their individual, social and spiritual dimensions. Many of the health complications associated with lifestyle can be prevented or delayed using strategies for health promotion and prevention of disease. Preventing diseases affected by lifestyle and promoting physical and mental health requires knowledge of how life situations endanger people's health. Efforts made to improve health by enabling people to change their lifestyles should be in line with both the individual changes and social and living conditions changes which are effective in lifestyle. This review study has aimed to identify the dimensions of lifestyle, as one of the social determinants affecting health, and their role in the health and disease outcomes of the military personnel according to the World Health Organization framework.