The Novel Coronavirus-19

Document Type : Mini Review


1 Pharm.D, Karpagam college of pharmacy, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India.

2 Pharm.D, Karpagam College of Pharmacy, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India.


Coronavirus infection is a pandemic caused by coronavirus is a member of Coronoviridae viral family of positive single stranded viruses and are characterized by crown like surface projections under an electron microscope. Coronavirus was first discovered in 1965 and became familiar in 2002 after an epidemic outbreak of pneumonia in China. Coronavirus infection is transmitted through respiratory droplet or direct contact with patients. The wild animals like bats and civets act as a reservoir of CoV. Coronavirus is clinically manifested by cough, fever, malaise with respiratory disorder like acute respiratory distress. The patients are diagnosed with RT-PCR by collecting blood and urine. Currently, there is no proper specific treatment for coronavirus infection, however guidelines are provided and some drugs like favilavir is approved as investigational therapy. Coronavirus is such a great concern of global health scenario today due to its wide dissemination.