Cholelithiasis: A Brief Review on Diagnostic Approach and Management in Clinical Practice

Document Type : Mini Review


Department of Medicine,Bhayangkara Denpasar Hospital, Bali, Indonesiaia


Cholelithiasis is one of the most prevalent diseases in gastroenterology. There are many factors in cholelithiasis, such as genetic, lack of physical  activity, obesity, dietary, age, and other comorbidities. Commonly, cholelithiasis occurs asymptomatically; however, Murphy’s sign is one of the most frequent pathognomonic findings in abdominal examination. Ultrasonography is known as the gold standard imaging examination in diagnosing cholelithiasis. The management of cholelithiasis can be divided into two categories, such as medical treatment and surgical treatment, which depends on the patient’s condition.