Prevalence and Diagnosis Method of Celiac Disease in Jordan: A Review Article Short Title: Celiac Disease in Jordan

Document Type : Narrative Review


1 Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of Petra, Amman

2 Pediatric Department, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology (JUST), Irbid 21210, Jordan

3 Pediatric Gastroenterologist, Hepatologist, and Nutritionist, The Hashemite University (HU), Jordan


The Celiac Disease (CD) is an autoimmune enteropathy triggered by dietary gluten in genetically susceptible  individuals. CD is considered one of the gluten-related disorders characterized by a small bowel enteropathy occurring in genetically susceptible individuals while exposed to the gliadin protein found in wheat, barley, and rye.  This review has been conducted to create Jordanian  customized  recommendations  for  patient  status,  the  prevalence  of  CD  in  Jordan. This  review  has  been  conducted employing Google Scholar, Medline, and PubMed. On these websites, we searched for articles on any date using critical terms related  to  celiac  disease:  "celiac  disease",  "celiac",  "coeliac  disease",  "tissue  transglutaminase  antibody",  "anti -endomysium antibody", "endomysial antibody", "prevalence", and "Jordan." In total, five research papers were retrieved. The results indi cated that the total prevalence of CD is still unknown in Jordan due to the lack of research and the varying diagnosis methods.  The available data is limited in order to build a comprehensive view of CD prevalence in Jordan. Nevertheless, minimal studies were carried out on a CD patient's awareness and education, and no intervention studies were available on CD patients among the Jordanian society. Therefore, a crude population prevalence study is needed .