Biodegradable Magnesium Metal for Bone Regeneration: Mini Review

Document Type : Mini Review


1 Department of Chemistry, Government College University Faisalabad, Pakistan

2 Department of Chemistry, University of Sahiwal, Sahiwal, Punjab, Pakistan


Bone is the hardest tissue of the human body providing support to the skeleton. However, sometimes the bone undergoes some injuries and fractures. Although bone can renew and rebuilt itself, however, bone renewal is one of the challenging fields of today’s world. Various kinds/ varieties of materials such as polymers (both artificial and natur al), ceramics, and metals, etc. are used  for  bone  renewal  purposes. Some of them are natural while others are synthetic. Any material used for bone healing purposes must be biocompatible with its degradation rate almost equal to the rate of new bone format ion. Among various metals used for bone rejuvenation and healing purposes, magnesium metal (Mg) is one of the most extensively used metals for the reason of its non-toxic nature and easy elimination/ exclusion from the body. Some other advantages of Mg met al include its biocompatibility and biodegradability. In addition, there is no need for extra surgery for its removal from the  body. Surface modification procedures aids in enlightening the quality of Mg metal and its alloys for use in bone revival. This paper represents a mini review on the usage of Mg as a biodegradable metal for bone rejuvenation and healing.