Motivating Factors Influencing Radiographers to Undertake Postgraduate Studies: Qualitative Systematic Review

Document Type : Systematic Review


1 Midlands University Hospital Tullamore, Radiology Department, Co. Offaly, Ireland

2 Cancer Diseases Hospital and Levy Mwanawasa Medical University, Zambia


 Introduction: Postgraduate education assists in meeting the specialisation of radiographers in different imaging modalities, thereby improving the quality of imaging services. Studies have been conducted on the motivating factors influencing radiographers to undertake postgraduate studies. However, there has been no published review to draw together the findings of such studies. This would provide evidence for future postgraduate course planning, delivery, and evaluation. The aim of this study was to systematically review the primary research studies on the motivating factors influencing radiographers to undertake postgraduate studies.
Methods: A qualitative systematic review was conducted guided by the Enhancing Transparency in Reporting the Synthesis of Qualitative Research (ENTREQ) guidelines. The literature search was conducted from April to September 2022 in two databases: PubMed/MEDLINE, and ScienceDirect, as well as other sources. Studies were assessed for quality, data was extracted and re-interpreted using framework analysis.
Results: Seven studies were identified and included in this review. This review found that both intrinsic and extrinsic factors influenced radiographers to undertake postgraduate studies. Four motivating intrinsic factors were identified: personal desire for new knowledge and managerial positions, pre-requisite for the doctorate programme, and job and professional satisfaction. On the other hand, four motivating extrinsic factors were also identified: availability and flexibility of postgraduate courses, specialisation, continuous professional development, and promotion and remuneration.
Conclusion: The overall results of this review show that radiographers were motivated to pursue postgraduate studies. The findings will assist educators to understand the personal drivers for radiographers wanting to embark on post-graduate studies.