Evaluation of Sexual Issues in Iranian Adolescent Girls (A Review)

Document Type : Systematic Review


1 Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran.

2 McGill University as a Visiting Research Scholar, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

3 Educational Sciences Department, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran

4 Educational Sciences Department, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran.

5 Counseling, Department of Counseling, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran



Introduction: Adolescence is a tumultuous period during which teenagers grapple with sexual issues and desires stemming from this developmental stage that it may cause risky sexual behaviors. Lack of essential sexual knowledge and awareness can lead them to encounter various sexual problems. Therefore, sexual education is one of the crucial facets of upbringing that must be considered. Doing review studies can shed light on these issues for researchers and specialists in the field of education, enabling them to develop suitable curricula for sexual education and consequently contribute to reducing resulting crises.
Data Sources: Accordingly, the primary objective of this research is to analyze viewpoints and key, practical keywords in the field of sexual issues in adolescent girls through a systematic review of articles published between 2011 and 2021.
Study Selection: Based on the initial search results, 120 articles were found, and after a thorough review, this number was
reduced to 17.
Results: The results indicate that sexual issues among adolescent girls are increasingly diverse and expanding. This means that compared to the past, when the sexual issues of adolescent girls were often summarized in simpler topics such as menstruation, today is different. Alongside the increase in discussions about sexual matters among adolescent girls, unfortunately, we witness a significant rise in their sexual problems.
Conclusion: Lack of sexual knowledge among parents and school teachers, as well as the absence of comprehensive sexual programs for girls in this age group and the lack of proper sexual awareness, are considered the main causes of these problems and examining and focusing on the sexual issues of this crucial stage in girls' lives can assist in achieving a healthy sexual life and avoiding serious problems.