School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, East Nosrat St, Tohid Sq, Tehran 1419733171, Iran
Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Cancer Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Introduction: Decision making on DNR is the only unique treatment decision that is formed before the treatment occurs. Since the decision making on DNR is dependent on moral, religious and legal issues, then, it is a complicated and difficult decision and largely depends the religious beliefs of a society.
Methods: This study was conducted by review article methodology, without time limitation, through searching electronic bibliographic information and internet databases and sites such as Medline, EMBASE, Springer, Blackwell Sengery,
Elsevier, Scopus, Cochran Library and also databases including SID, Iran Medex and Magiran. In addition, a manual search was done on articles references.
Results: The Jewish religion, life is extremely valuable and no one has the right to shorten it. The only exception is when physiologic resuscitation is not possible or the patient is an imminently dying or moribund person. Most Christians believe that the patient has the right to reject trying to be revived. Muslims must take the necessary measures to prevent premature death. However, treatments that prolong life for patients who, physicians are certain, do not have a great chance of survival, can be discontinued or not initiated.
Conclusion: Decision making on DNR is the only unique treatment decision that is formed before the treatment occurs. Since the decision making on DNR is dependent on religious, then, it is a complicated and difficult decision and largely depends on communities' understanding of human dignity. Perhaps it is necessary to learn about patient’s religious beliefs on admission to health systems in order to establish a better communication and plan a treatment regimen for them which suits their religions.