Disease Prevention with an Emphasis on the Lifestyle of Military Personnel According to the Social Determinants of Health


1 Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 School of Management and Medical Information Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran


In recent years, the association between social factors and individuals' health status has been paid special attention to by health system researchers and policy makers. According to the WHO conceptual framework of Social Determinants of  Health  (SDH),  lifestyle  is  one  of  the  intermediary  factors  affecting  the individuals'  health  and  disease  and  is  related  to  their  individual,  social  and spiritual dimensions. Many of the health complications associated with lifestyle can  be  prevented  or  delayed  using  strategies  for  health  promotion  and prevention of disease. Preventing diseases affected by lifestyle and promoting physical and mental health requires knowledge of how life situations endanger people's health. Efforts made to improve health by enabling people to change their lifestyles should be in line with both the individual changes and social and living conditions changes which are effective in lifestyle. This review study has aimed to identify the dimensions of lifestyle, as one of the social determinants affecting  health,  and  their  role  in  the  health  and  disease  outcomes  of  the military personnel according to the World Health Organization framework.