Learning Theory: Narrative Review


1 Department of Medical Education, School of Medical Education, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Shariati Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran


In review of medical education literature there are seven main categories of learning theories. This review has aimed to summarize them. Different learning theories include adult learning theories (Andragogy), behaviors orientation, cognitivist orientation, humanist orientation, social learning orientation, constructivist model and transformation learning. In conclusion, in medical education and its theories bases should effectively include all of these aspect in order to train competent graduates.