Explaining the Bases and Fundamentals of Anger: A literature Review


1 Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 New Hearing Technologies Research Center Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Introduction: Anger is one of human beings fundamental emotions. Susceptible environments of high anger outbreak comprise military and clinical settings. The aim of the present study was a conceptual consolidating of the theoretical constructions of anger, differentiation from other alike constructions and grounding a theoretical base for future studies.
Method: In the present systematic review, keywords including “anger, hostility, aggression, violence, impulsivity, anger and religion, anger and military, anger construction, anger and health, anger and society” were searched in “PubMed, Science Direct, Google Scholar, Google Patent, MagIran, SID, Proquest, Ebsco, Springer, IEEE, Kolwer, & IranDoc” searching engines. Due to the relation of the different parts of studies, academic publishing, publishing after 2000 and the Jadad system, relevant sources were selected. The manuscripts were then finalized by the evaluation of five experts in the anger domain via the Delphi method.
Results: 20 distinctive definitions, 4 related major constructions, 4 major classifications, incidence rates in varied populations, situations in military and clinical settings, and causes of anger have been distinguished.
Conclusion: conducting systematized studies according to unified theoretical constructions, would better show the anger status in different clusters of the society. In high-risk environments (e.g., military and clinical environments) anger management trainings are mandatory before and during services.


Volume 1, Issue 4
January 2015
Pages 143-149
  • Receive Date: 12 September 2014
  • Revise Date: 26 November 2014
  • Accept Date: 26 November 2014
  • First Publish Date: 01 January 2015