Effects of Music Therapy on Physical-Psychological Outcomes in Coronary Angiography: A Review Article


1 Nursing faculty, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Nursing Department, Nursing Faculty, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Introduction: Today, because of the complications and costs reduction, non -pharmacologic approaches such as music therapy have been the focus of researchers in different patients. This study aimed to determine the effects of music therapy on out-comes of patients undergoing coronary angiography (pain, stress, anxiety) as a systematic review.
Materials and methods: This is a review study focused on the question "What are the effects of music therapy on physical-psychological outcomes in angiography?” In this systematic review the Keywords; Music Therapy, angiography, Patient Outcomes, Stress, Anxiety and Pain were searched in PubMed, CINAHL/Nursing Science Direct and Scopus data bases between 2006 to 2014. Then according to the articles relevancy to the research topic and opinion of research group members, related articles and contents were selected and analyzed.
Results: Among 217 articles, 10 totally relevant articles in English were chosen. Accordingly, depending on the type, duration, repetition frequency and patient selection the use of music therapy increases the relaxation and reduces stress and anxiety in patients and also reduces the need for sedative in patients undergoing heart invasive procedures.
Conclusion: Music therapy is a safe and effective measure in reducing and improving psychological outcomes and anxiety in patients undergoing coronary angiography. Therefore the use of non-pharmacological approaches can be considered by caregivers in clinical environments